What are the early signs of pregnancy?

Early signs of pregnancy

  • Light bleeding or spotting
  • Increased sense of smell
  • Missed period
  • Frequent urination and constipation
  • Fatigue or fatigue
  • Other signs of pregnancy

Slight bleeding or blotchiness within 1-2 weeks after sex; Fuller, inflamed or tingling breasts with dark areas in 2 weeks; And a stronger sense of smell, which can cause nausea, is a sign of pregnancy. Constipation and frequent urination are other symptoms. In addition, there is no period even after 4 weeks after sex, a high basal temperature. Because ovulation, fatigue, dizziness and shortness of breath can confirm that the baby is on board.

Missed your periods, huh? Before you go to your OB / GYN to confirm your pregnancy, here are a few ways to find out on your own whether you are pregnant. If you are observant, you can detect these symptoms sometimes even earlier than the missed period. Some women, say studies, begin to experience early signs of pregnancy within 36 days of their last period, and by the eighth week most of them are sure that the baby is on board.

Your pregnancy is counted from the first day of your last period. Usually it takes about three weeks or a little more from the day when a fertilized egg implants into the wall of the uterus and begins pregnancy. It is then that your body begins to show signs of hormonal changes.

So, look what to expect if you expect:

Light bleeding or spotting

Within 6-12 days of fertilization, or about 1-2 weeks from ovulation or intercourse, you may notice slight bleeding or spotting, characterized by pinkish or brownish blood.

If your sexual intercourse has successfully led to fertilization or conception, it is usually possible to detect spotting or mild bleeding for 6-12 days. This is not your period, but the bleeding during implantation, which occurs when a fertilized egg joins the lining of the uterus to begin to grow.

Although this is an early sign of pregnancy, it manifests itself only in 30% of cases. But according to a survey conducted by the American Pregnancy Association, only 3% of women consider implantation bleeding at the sign of pregnancy. 2

Painful and tender breasts

Within 2 weeks after sexual intercourse or ovulation, you may notice a fuller, sick and tender chest with darker areas, sometimes accompanied by tingling.

Another early indication would be a change in your chest, how they look and feel. You should notice a change within two weeks after sexual intercourse or ovulation.

In a survey conducted by the American Association for Pregnancy and Childbirth, about 17 percent of women said that a change in their breasts was the first sign of pregnancy that they noticed.4 Soreness and tingling in the chest and a dimpling of the area around the nipple or areola are the most common symptoms, To which you should pay attention. Soreness can be more intense than the usual premenstrual tenderness of the breast.

Soreness in the chest

Soreness is the result of the prenatal preparation of your body, which can also cause your breasts to fill up and change shape, as they are preparing to produce milk for the baby. Each breast has about 15-20 lobules or glands, which consist of milk cells. These segments are connected to the nipple through channels that help transport milk during breastfeeding. Because your system is preparing for lactation, this can be a pretty unpleasant and painful experience for your breasts.

Small protrusions around the nipples

You can also find small bumps on your areole. They are called Montgomery’s glands, and they produce an oily liquid to moisten the nipple. Your hormones are also to blame for having fuller breasts, since an elevated level of progesterone, estrogen and prolactin, or a hormone that produces milk, increases blood flow to this area, causing pain, a heavy and tender chest.

Enhanced sense of smell

Approximately 2 weeks after sexual intercourse or ovulation, your sense of smell intensifies.

Most often, an increased sense of smell is one of the first symptoms seen by women who are in the early stages of pregnancy. Many of them report that the smells they previously found soft, smelled strong and unpleasant. And this can make you feel nauseous two weeks after conception.

A study in 2014 published in the journal Frontiers in Psychology showed that this change in odor sensitivity is caused by a high level of sex hormones circulating in the body, which play a decisive role in increasing the transmission of nerve signals from the nose to the brain +0.6

Nausea with or without vomiting

You could feel nauseous after 3 weeks after intercourse or ovulation.

One of the classic signs of pregnancy you have nausea, and this can happen with or without vomiting already two weeks after conception. Duplicated morning sickness, this nausea can strike you not only in the morning, but at any time of the day. According to studies7 and studies, 8 more than 80% of women reported that they experience nausea in the early stages of pregnancy, and about half of them experience vomiting.

The reason for this concern, according to a study published in the journal Clinics of Gastroenterology of North America, is to increase the production of the hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is produced by the body after implantation of the embryo. This, accompanied by a high level of estrogen and progesterone, stimulates the production of nitric oxide in the body, which relaxes muscles, slows the movement of food from the stomach into the intestine and delays emptying of the stomach, causing increased nausea and vomiting.

But here’s the good news. Studies have proven that morning sickness can be a sign that your baby is healthy. According to the study, mothers who had had morning sickness had fewer premature births, the risk of miscarriage was 3 times lower, and the risk of birth defects in their infants was reduced by 30-80 percent.

Missed period

The absence of a period even 7 days after the prescribed time or at most 4 weeks after sexual intercourse or ovulation can be a sign of pregnancy if you usually have regular periods.

If you do not have an absolutely unstable schedule, no period within one to two weeks after the set date is a sign of pregnancy. If this was preceded by spotting or slight bleeding or accompanied by constant pain in the chest and increased sense of smell, you would have best done a pregnancy test at home.

Increased basal body temperature

If you missed your period and basal body temperature has not decreased since the time of ovulation, this is a sign of pregnancy.

Basal body temperature is the temperature of your body when you are in a state of complete rest, basically measured first thing in the morning. During ovulation, the basal body temperature rises by about 0.4 to 1 degree Fahrenheit, but after menstruation it drops to a normal or pre-vascular level. In case of pregnancy, this temperature does not fall to the level of prevulation, which is a sure sign of pregnancy.

Frequent urination and constipation

Perhaps you take frequent breaks for just over two weeks after sexual intercourse or ovulation.

The increased need for toilet use usually appears 15 days after conception. In the Irish study, which interviewed 7,771 women shortly after birth, 61% of them reported incontinence before pregnancy or during pregnancy, and 37.5% reported constipation.12

The hCG hormone is again to blame for frequent breaks in the work of the toilet, as it increases the blood flow to the kidneys, helping them to get rid of waste and toxins from your system. Your growing uterus can be a partner in a crime, as it puts pressure on your bladder and reduces the space available to store urine.

With regard to constipation, the increase in progesterone occurs in the path of peristalsis, the undulating movement of the muscles, in which the intestine moves unnecessary foods and stools into the anus. As progesterone levels in the body increase, it becomes more difficult to contract the muscles of the intestine, which makes it difficult to conduct peristalsis.13

Fatigue or fatigue

Within 4 weeks after intercourse or ovulation, your energy may be severely compromised.

The feeling of exhaustion is very common in the early stages of pregnancy. If you feel tired during the day or drowsy and lethargic all the time, it is likely that you can expect. Studies have shown that fatigue experienced in the early stages of pregnancy can significantly affect a mother’s ability to engage in social activities.

It is known that fatigue is at the highest level in the first trimester or the first three months, gradually decreasing in comparison with the second, only to again rise closer to the birth. The increase in fatigue in the first trimester can be explained by the increase in the volume of blood to fuel the process of creating the placenta, the life support system of the child. This increases when your body begins to accumulate nutrients for the fetus.

Other signs of pregnancy

Following an inventory of pregnancy signs drawn from a study conducted among pregnant women at the beginning of their pregnancy16 and from individual testimonies, here are some other signs that your body can send you messages about important news.

Headaches, dizziness and back pain

Headaches can begin as early as 4 weeks after sexual intercourse or ovulation.

Staggering levels of hormones and increased blood flow in the body can cause headaches and / or dizziness in the early stages of pregnancy. As your uterus gradually grows in size to accommodate the fetus, you may find that your lower back pain hurts because it presses the nerves and blood vessels on the back and pelvic region.

Inconsistent Breathing

Shortness of breath accompanies the energy failure, which you feel about 4 weeks after sexual intercourse or ovulation.

Did you notice yourself annoyed and panting after a walk? Or climbing several ladders? This may be a sign that someone has started using your energy, oxygen and blood. This uncomfortable and debilitating condition is one of the first signs that you are pregnant.


3-4 weeks after sexual intercourse or ovulation, you may feel thirsty for certain foods and attacks of vomiting at the thought of another.

Although your cravings can begin as early as three to four weeks after pregnancy, which is sometimes overlooked or rarely speaks of the food disgust that you are developing at this time. You may be disgusted only by the thought of eating, which you used to love. Your hormones are again the culprits here, and some experts agree that such aversions can be biological reactions to pregnancy, so that women avoid foods that are potentially dangerous to the baby.

Strong aversion to food, an increased sense of smell and nausea are like a holy trinity of discomfort, which should give you a clear hint that you are pregnant.


At the end of the first trimester, about 12-14 weeks, you may have seizures near the groin.

Because of implantation, small cramps usually occur around the same time that your period is expected. At about 12-14 weeks, many women experience acute pain on either or both sides of the groin as a result of stretching their ligaments in order to adapt to the growing uterus. Such convulsions, accompanied by mild bleeding, are usually an observed sign of pregnancy.

Pregnancy of every woman is unique and depends on many factors, such as her body type, diet, fitness level and health status. Thus, it is possible that you will not notice any of these signs at all. Or these signs may not indicate pregnancy, but about an impending illness or an approaching menstrual period. Be careful, and if you experience any of these symptoms, consider a home pregnancy test or visit your doctor. The sooner you confirm your pregnancy, the earlier you can prepare your mind and body for difficult days.

References [+]

1. Seyl, Amy E., Allen J. Wilcox, Clarice R. Weinberg and Donna D. Baird. “Prospective study of the onset of pregnancy symptoms”. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 55, no. 7 (2002): 676-680.
2. Symptoms of pregnancy are early signs of pregnancy. American Pregnancy Association
3. Foxcroft, Cathy F., Leoni C. Callaway, Nuala M. Byrne and Joan Webster. “Development and validation of the inventory of pregnancy symptoms”. Pregnancy and childbirth BMC 13, no. 1 (2013): 1.
4. Symptoms of pregnancy are early signs of pregnancy. American Pregnancy Association.
5. Breast changes during pregnancy. Chest 360.
6. Cameron, E. Leslie. “Pregnancy and sense of smell: a review.” Applied olfactory knowledge (2014): 177.
7. Thierson, Forrest D., Carolyn L. Olsen and Ernest B. Hook. “Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and communication with the outcome of pregnancy.” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 155, no. 5 (1986): 1017-1022.
8. Gadsby, Roger, Anthony M. Barney-Adshead and Carol Jagger. “A prospective study of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.” Br J Gen Pract 43, no. 371 (1993): 245-248.
9. Lee, Noel M. and Sumona Saa. “Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.” Clinics of gastroenterology of North America 40, no. 2 (2011): 309-334.
10. Koren, Gideon, Svetlana Majunkova and Caroline Maltepe. “The protective effects of nausea and vomiting in pregnant women from an unfavorable outcome of the fetus – a systematic review.” Reproductive Toxicology 47 (2014): 77-80.
eleven. Buxton, Charles L. and William B. Atkinson. “Hormonal factors involved in the regulation of basal body temperature during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.” “Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & amp; Metabolism 8, no. 7 (1948): 544-549.
12. Marshall, Kathleen, Keith A. Thompson, Deird M. Walsh and George D. Baxter. “The frequency of urinary incontinence and constipation during pregnancy and after childbirth: an overview of the current results at the Rotunda Lying-in Hospital.” BJOG: International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 105, no. 4 (1998): 400-402.
13. Constipation-causes. NHS UK.
14. Reeves, Nedra, Kathleen Potempa and Agatha Gallo. “Fatigue in early pregnancy: research study”. Journal of Nurse-Obstetrics 36, no. 5 (1991): 303-309.
15. Fatigue of the first trimester. Rochester Medical Center
16. Foxcroft, Cathy F., Leoni C. Callaway, Nuala M. Byrne and Joan Webster. “Development and validation of the inventory of pregnancy symptoms”. Pregnancy and childbirth BMC 13, no. 1 (2013): 1.

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