Little-known side effects of antacids by their type

Most people experience acidity at some point, and the solution usually swallows a glass of carbonated antacids. Acidity is a common digestive problem, and you would not have thought twice about taking an antacid, because they are generally considered safe. However, antacids can have side effects in some cases, and it might be worthwhile to know more about the acidity and side effects of using antacids.

What is acidity?

In conventional terms, acidity is used to describe the myriad of symptoms caused by the excess acid production of the gastric glands located in the stomach. Your stomach secrete hydrochloric acid, which helps in the digestion and digestion of the food that you eat.

When there is an excess of acid in the stomach, it can move to the esophagus, causing burning. This is because your stomach lining is resistant to the action of digestive acids, but the esophagus is not. Some symptoms of acidity:

  • Belching
  • Burning in the stomach / throat / chest
  • Sour taste
  • restlessness
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • dyspepsia

Causes of acidity

Hydrochloric acid is corrosive in nature, but is vital for the digestive process that occurs in your stomach. The effect of acid is neutralized by the formation of other natural secrets of the gastric mucosa, such as bicarbonate and prostaglandins. The interruption of the secretion of these neutralizing agents results in damage to the gastric lining that causes acidity. Here are some of the reasons for this interruption.

  • stress
  • Spicy food
  • Alcohol consumption
  • smoking
  • Irregular eating habits
  • Diseases such as peptic ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, stomach tumors

Adverse effects of antacids

Possible side effects of antacids: heart burns, fatigue, constipation, weakness, osteomalacia and diarrhea.

Here is a list of possible side effects caused by different types of antacids.

Heart burn

This can lead to an increased heart burn.

Weakness and fatigue

It is also known that aluminum in antacids causes constipation.


Magnesium antacids can have a laxative effect, and you can suffer diarrhea.

Inhibits the isolation of drugs

Sodium bicarbonate has a great influence on the acidity of urine, which can lead to the removal of certain drugs by the kidneys

Most over-the-counter antacids are safe and can be taken in case of mild heartburn. Strong allergic reaction to antacids is rare, but if you notice a rash, itching or swelling, dizziness and trouble breathing after taking antacids, immediately consult a doctor.

References [+]

1. Robert A. “Prostaglandins: effect on the gastrointestinal tract.” Clinical physiology and biochemistry 2, no. 2-3 (1983): 61-69.

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