Both sexes are affected by the HPV virus, and if left untreated, then it can become life-threatening, as it creates a favorable environment for the onset of cervical cancer, which is considered the most deadly type of cancer among women.
HIV (human papilloma virus) is a group of viruses that damage the human skin. There are 100 different kinds of this. Some types cause common warts on the feet and hands, which are harmless, do not give symptoms and disappear on their own.
There are about 40 types of viruses that are described as genital HPV when they attack the genital area. It is very prevalent, and about 80% of women and men reduce at least one type of this disease at some point in their life. They are a serious risk factor for cervical cancer and cancer, and also increase the risk of genital warts and benign cervical changes.
Usually the virus is transmitted through direct skin contact with the skin, while any kind of sexual activity with an infected HPV person who involves sexual contact leads to infection with the virus. However, this is not limited to sexual intercourse. There are many people who have this, but do not show signs or symptoms, while they pass it on to others without knowing it.
One person may also have many types of HPV, since many of them contract a first type within the first few years after the onset of sexual activity.
Be healthy knowing these facts about HPV:
- The virus is easily spread by direct contact with the skin. Any type of sexual activity that involves sexual contact will result in genital HPV infection.
- Typically, the virus will not give out symptoms and signs, so most people will not know that they have it. For this reason, many people get infected, but the immune system can help a person fight infection.
- Most types are not life threatening, but expose a person to a greater risk of cancer, as they alter the cellular structure of the cervix, turning it into cervical cancer. If women do not belong to the “low-risk” types, then benign (abnormal, but not cancerous) changes can develop, which over time create the ground for cervical cancer.
- Many studies have confirmed that women infected with high-risk HPV in the next 10-20 years are more susceptible to developing cervical cancer. For this reason, it is strongly recommended that all women, including those who no longer have sex, undergo routine gynecological examinations.
- Women over the age of 30 should regularly undergo a Pap test, because they are able to detect abnormal cells in the cervix that can cause cervical cancer.
- Infections in women older than 30 years are less prone to treatment with the immune system. Thus, a visit to a gynecologist and getting proper treatment is very important.
- Cervical cancer can be prevented by 100% if it is detected in the early stages.
- Male and female condoms can reduce the risk of HPV transmission, but can not completely eliminate it.
- Type 16 HPV was connected to some types of neck and head cancer.
- Almost 30% of oral carcinomas are associated with HPV infections.
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