Freezing your fresh fruits and vegetables is the best way to extend shelf life, but if you do it wrong, they will become saggy and soft. Therefore, you can learn to properly freeze them to preserve their taste and nutrition.
What will happen to vegetables and fruits frozen in the wrong direction?
Some vegetables and fruits have crystals formed around them after freezing. When these crystals melt, the product becomes soft and dry. Well, it happens as a result of incorrect freezing. The water content in frozen fruits and vegetables is expanding, and they begin to receive cellular damage.
How to prevent this?
The resulting crystals should be smaller to have less damage to the cell wall during the freezing process. You can achieve this if you freeze your fruits and vegetables in high temperatures.
How to pack products for freezing
The first thing to do is get a tight and reliable package. Use waterproof containers or heavy detergent bags. The products must retain moisture, and you need to remove as much air from the bags as you can before sealing them. Use the tape to wrap the cover to secure the seal.
Then set the maximum temperature in the freezer. You can cause a lower temperature and bruises if you overload or place one on top of another. Wash and dry fruits and vegetables thoroughly. Place them in a container as whole or cut into pieces. If you want to quickly freeze them, cut them into small pieces before you put them in a container.
But there are some that are better to pack as whole, such as blackberries, bananas, tomatoes, corn and chili.
How to freeze fruit
Delicate fruits (blueberries, raspberries, etc.)
Put them in one layer on a baking tray, and then put them in the freezer for half an hour. Once your tender fruit is frozen, put them in the bag with the freezer, removing as much air as possible before sealing. Then return to the freezer. If you want, you can add sugar syrup to your delicate fruit before freezing.
Sensitive fruits (apples and other fruits that easily turn into brown)
Either crush several vitamin C tablets, or buy powdered vitamin C to create ascorbic acid. Stir the ½ teaspoon of it into three tablespoons of water and use a brush solution or sprinkle the fruit before freezing. This should prevent your fruit from bruising.
- Check if the fruit has any lesions or punctures after washing.
- Choose fruits that you would like to freeze and treat them with ascorbic acid or sugar syrup.
- Then pack them as described above and put them in the freezer.
How to freeze vegetables
Blanch vegetables in boiling water, and then immerse them in ice water until they become cold. Place the cold vegetables on top of the paper towels and make sure that you completely dry them. Place them in a bag or container for heavy loads and seal.
Why Blanching Before Freezing?
Because this will prevent color damage, bacterial growth, bruising and loss of nutrients. Always choose fresh fruits and vegetables to preserve their taste and nutrient content.
Thawing vegetables and fruits
Boil most of the frozen vegetables as soon as you remove from the freezer, except the corn. You do not want to completely defrost delicate fruits, because they will become very soft. Therefore, it is better to use them while they are still slightly frozen.
Why freeze vegetables and fruits?
Although it’s easy to find and keep them for a longer time, canned vegetables and fruits lose a lot of their nutrients and quality. Thus, freezing them will not only preserve their quality and taste, but will also give you the opportunity to make your own set of fruits and vegetables without requiring a penny from you. These can last up to 6-12 months. Thus, you can eat your favorite seasonal products, even if it is not in season.
- Place the date and the name of the product that you froze
- To consume frozen fruits first, mark the containers and bags with the date
- If there are fruits that you do not plant, use them to plug
- Instead of an ordinary tape, use a tape to freeze
- Remove air from bags and containers with vacuum sealant
Once again, freezing your vegetables and fruits is not only a healthier option than canned foods, but it will also keep them in the refrigerator longer.
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